Losing hair should not be a problem in most cases as everyone loses some hair every day. If you start losing a large amount of hair which leads to signs of baldness, then you may be signs of a hair loss condition. Hair loss is a condition which is known as alopecia in medical terms. It is the loss of hair which is from the head or the body. There are various causes of hair loss, but it can also be attributed to stress.

Hair loss can occur in the form of alopecia areata, female-pattern hair loss, and male-pattern hair loss.

The male-pattern and female-pattern hair loss are the hair loss conditions which occur in most people and is as a result of genetics.

Causes of hair loss

There are various causes of hair loss which may be diseases, genetics, or medications. Knowing the cause of the hair loss can lead to proper treatment methods.

Certain diseases may cause hair loss, and some of them are listed below.

  • Cancer
  • Syphilis
  • Lupus
  • Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Other causes of hair loss may be medicines which are taken as treatment for other diseases. Some of these medicines include

  • Medicines for hepatitis B vaccination and other vaccines
  • Medicines for bipolar disorder
  • Cancer treatment medicine

These are a few of them. Other medicines which may cause hair loss includes medicines for seizures, Arthritis, beta-blockers, birth control, etc.

Hair loss may also result as an after effect of surgery. This kind of hair loss will usually stop a few months after the surgery.


To determine the cause of your hair loss, you will need to undergo diagnosis. You may also be asked about your family history and medical history in some cases.

Along with a physical examination, there are also some tests which a doctor will perform.

  • Scalp biopsy: to detect any infection which may be the cause of the hair loss, the doctor will need samples. Samples can be hairs from the scalp either by scraping the skin or plucking it out directly.
  • Blood test: a blood test is useful in identifying any disease you may have. This disease may be the cause of the hair loss.
  • Light microscopy: this method targets the hair shaft. It helps in detecting disorders which may have weakened the hair shaft.
  • Pull test: this is a straightforward test which involves pulling your hair gently. This gives an idea of how far the hair loss process has developed based on the amount of hair that comes off.


There are various treatments for hair loss available. Some medicines are available, and some involve properly managing conditions which may lead to hair loss. Treatments include

  • Reducing stress
  • Improving your diet
  • Minoxidil; this is a drug which helps to improve hair growth
  • Surgery

It is important you visit your doctor for tests before you start any treatment on your hair loss. Hair loss may often be symptoms of diseases which you should treat.

Proper treatment of hair loss is important to prevent changes in how you look which may make it difficult to live with and result in distress.