Day: August 24, 2017

Hair loss, causes, and treatment

Losing hair should not be a problem in most cases as everyone loses some hair every day. If you start losing a large amount of hair which leads to signs of baldness, then you may be signs of a hair loss condition. Hair loss is a condition which is known as alopecia in medical terms. It is the loss of hair which is from the head or the body. There are various causes of hair loss, but it can also be attributed to stress.

Hair loss can occur in the form of alopecia areata, female-pattern hair loss, and male-pattern hair loss.

The male-pattern and female-pattern hair loss are the hair loss conditions which occur in most people and is as a result of genetics.

Causes of hair loss

There are various causes of hair loss which may be diseases, genetics, or medications. Knowing the cause of the hair loss can lead to proper treatment methods.

Certain diseases may cause hair loss, and some of them are listed below.

  • Cancer
  • Syphilis
  • Lupus
  • Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Other causes of hair loss may be medicines which are taken as treatment for other diseases. Some of these medicines include

  • Medicines for hepatitis B vaccination and other vaccines
  • Medicines for bipolar disorder
  • Cancer treatment medicine

These are a few of them. Other medicines which may cause hair loss includes medicines for seizures, Arthritis, beta-blockers, birth control, etc.

Hair loss may also result as an after effect of surgery. This kind of hair loss will usually stop a few months after the surgery.

Diagnosis

To determine the cause of your hair loss, you will need to undergo diagnosis. You may also be asked about your family history and medical history in some cases.

Along with a physical examination, there are also some tests which a doctor will perform.

  • Scalp biopsy: to detect any infection which may be the cause of the hair loss, the doctor will need samples. Samples can be hairs from the scalp either by scraping the skin or plucking it out directly.
  • Blood test: a blood test is useful in identifying any disease you may have. This disease may be the cause of the hair loss.
  • Light microscopy: this method targets the hair shaft. It helps in detecting disorders which may have weakened the hair shaft.
  • Pull test: this is a straightforward test which involves pulling your hair gently. This gives an idea of how far the hair loss process has developed based on the amount of hair that comes off.

Treatments

There are various treatments for hair loss available. Some medicines are available, and some involve properly managing conditions which may lead to hair loss. Treatments include

  • Reducing stress
  • Improving your diet
  • Minoxidil; this is a drug which helps to improve hair growth
  • Surgery

It is important you visit your doctor for tests before you start any treatment on your hair loss. Hair loss may often be symptoms of diseases which you should treat.

Proper treatment of hair loss is important to prevent changes in how you look which may make it difficult to live with and result in distress.


Noise induced hearing loss

Noise induced hearing loss can be a result of sudden exposure to a loud noise or as due to continuous subjection to noise over a period. It can manifest at any age, and it usually depends on the level of noise exposure.

The human ear is capable of hearing sound at different intensities. The decibel which is safe for the human ear is 75 decibels. Decibels is the unit with which sound is measured. If the ear is subjected to sounds at 75 decibels, it does not have any effect in the long term.

The noise induced hearing loss is prone to occur when the sound is at a level of 85 decibels or higher. With an increase in the decibel level of the sound, there is also a decrease in the time it takes for the noise induced hearing loss to take effect.

Hearing loss develops when the sound that enters the ear enters with enough force or sound energy capable of damaging the hair cells in the ear. These hair cells are responsible for bending and producing electrical signals which the auditory nerves can take to the brain.

Causes of Noise induced hearing loss

There are lots of different causes of Noise induced hearing loss. Some of the most common causes include;

  • Occupational noise; jobs which involve work in a factory, a construction site, or in an airport
  • Exposure to sudden explosions, gunshots, which damage the ear structures
  • Using headphones at very high volumes
  • Activities like hunting and shooting
  • Live concerts
  • Power tools

How to protect yourself from noise

If you find yourself in a situation where there will be continuous exposure to noise, you must always use protective equipment. Consider getting an earmuff or an earplug for protection.

Your best option is to avoid areas with a loud noise. If it is unavoidable then always protect your ears.

There are certain indications to tell when you find yourself in an area that may result in hearing loss. Identifying such places makes it easier to avoid them.

Below are some indications

  • Tinnitus which is a ringing or buzzing in the ear is experienced once you are away from such place
  • Difficulty in hearing people close to you
  • After leaving such a place, you can see people talking, but you can’t understand what they are saying
  • The feeling that your ear is clogged

Symptoms

Since the hearing loss may often take a bit of time before it fully manifests, there is a possibility that a person may have lost some of the hearing ability before it is discovered.

Some things you need to look out for include;

  • Inability to hear during one-on-one conversations
  • Increasing volumes on devices like TV, PCs, smartphones, to hear what is being said
  • Poor hearing when there are noises in the background

Early detection of such symptoms can help to prevent permanent loss of hearing.

Treatment

Treating Noise induced hearing loss is not currently an option since it is an irreversible condition. Your best option is to prevent it.

The use of hearing aids is also incorporated. This helps to make sounds louder so that it can be heard.

 


Tips to ensure the safety of foods

There are lots of reasons why it is important to ensure that foods are safe for eating. One of these reasons is to avoid food poisoning.

Food poisoning usually occurs when a person consumes food which contains viruses, or bacteria which are harmful and lead to illness. The most common sources of germs that cause food poisoning are in chicken, eggs, raw meat, and fish. They can also be found in other types of food once they are spread. Storing foods for extended periods and improper storage can also cause these germs to develop in foods. Touching food with dirty hands can also cause food poisoning.

Some cases of food poisoning may pose serious problems while others may be minor issues. To avoid any event of food poisoning, following the tips listed below can help.

Preparing your foods properly

When you decide to make your food, there are certain precautions you should take.

  • You should make sure you wash your hands properly before handling food items
  • You should wash your kitchen counters and surfaces with hot water and soap to fight germs
  • Dishcloths and towels which you use in the kitchen should be washed regularly
  • Do not let raw meats, fish, or egg, come in contact with other foods. This is because they may contain germs
  • Certain foods that have molds growing on them should be disposed

Note: certain foods can still be used if they have molds growing on them and some others are made with a mold. Read more and learn about foods which are safe and how to handle them.

Cooking your foods

When cooking your foods, there are certain things you must ensure you do properly and they include

  • Ensuring the yolk and the whites of an egg are properly cooked before eating
  • Covering food and turning to ensure the heat circulates when using a microwave
  • Ensuring you measure the temperature when cooking an egg, meat, or poultry. It should be at safe temperature

 

Storing your foods

  • You should store foods using containers which can seal tightly
  • Poultry products, raw meat, and fish should be refrigerated. Leftovers should also be refrigerated. Refrigeration should be done within 2 hours
  • Ensure canned foods are in good condition. Rusted or leaking cans should not be used

Serving foods

When serving your foods, it is important you know some information about the food you wish to serve.

Foods which you have in the refrigerator but you are not sure of how long should be disposed of. This is to avoid consuming any food that may contain germs. You should also note that if food is contaminated, reheating the food does not make it suitable for human consumption. Such foods should also be thrown away.

If you can follow the guidelines given, you can reduce the risk of food poisoning in your homes. You should also be careful when you go out to eat in a restaurant. You should always request the food be hot before eating in a restaurant to better protect yourself. Following the instructions and looking at the dates on packaged products is also advised.